Sacidava

Between Rasova and Dunăreni places, on a high hill from the right bank of the Danube, in Musait point, there were identified traces of walls and there were recovered some inscriptions. The archaeological searches had started in 1969 and continued, with some interruptions, until 1980. In the last three years, there have been performed slight changes at the fortification.

The name of Sacidava is known from antic literary sources and it was confirmed by the epigraphic discoveries.

On Musait point, there is a scythiae limes fortification, with many development phases, with a continuous evolution from the beginning of the IInd century AC until the first quarter of the VIIth century AC.

There have been identified more destruction levels by fire, but some do not cover the whole fortification but only parts of it.

A great fire and a massive destruction occurred during the 3rd century, but the southern part of the fortification was never damaged. There was presented the hypothesis of the gothic attacks during middle of this century which had been the cause of the destructions.

In the IVth century, there was performed a re-construction of the western side and an extinction of the fortress towards the south part by building a new precinct.

Sacidava has now a rectangular shape, with the long sides of 125 m that enclosed a surface of around 4ha. The thickness of the walls is about 2m and the towers are rectangular.

In the 2nd century, the fortress was the garrison for Cohors IV Gallorum and, probably, during Hadrian, for Cohors I cilicum sagittariorum milliaria, later, for a vexillatio from legio II Herculia of Troesmis (Iglița); subsequently, in the IV-Vth centuries, it camped here a cuneus equitum scutariorum.

The end of the IVth century is connected to another massive fire.

The Vth century is a period of repeated reconstructions, archeologically, there were strong layers of burnt and ashes. It was the period when there were raids of the Germanic and Hun tribes on the territory of Scythia.

The restoration and the flourishing of the fortress from the beginning of the VIth century are interrupted by a big fire probably connected to the kutrigur attack from 559. The next level of this century, with all the re-constructions in the southern part of the precinct is dated on the second half of the VIth century.

The last stage of the living period between the walls of Sacidava takes place between 602-620.

Even if the place was no longer inhabited, there could be noticed a sporadic Romano-Byzantine inhabitation period which disappeared when the last inhabitants left the space.